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Synology群晖ssh命令详解

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注意:SSH运行以下命令可能会损毁你的系统/硬盘,如不清楚具体含义请不要随意执行!!!

CHEATSHEET

Print workgroup for NAS:

synowin -getWorkgroup

Join a new workgroup for NAS:

synowin -joinWorkgroup <group>

Print general info:

synoservice --status

Setup mail via cli:

synosyslogmail

Check upgrades:

synoupgrade --check 3

Dump data about your nas:

syno_system_dump

Print network info incl. current duplex:

synonet --show

Print current hostname:

synonet --get_hostname

Set a new hostname:

synonet --set_hostname

Set a new gateway:

synonet --set_gateway gateway

WOL Wakeup:

synonet --wake xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx <interface>

Print the partition layout table.

synopartition --list

Sharing

Print info about a share:

synoshare --get <sharefolder>

Mount an shared encrypted folder:

synoshare --enc_mount <sharefolder> <password>

Unmount an encrypted folder:

synoshare --enc_unmount <sharefolder>

Allowed to delete:

synoshare --del {TRUE|FALSE} sharename1 sharename2 ... 

Set an description for a shared folder (viewed in comments in file browser)

synoshare --setdesc sharename desc

Allow browsing of shared folder

synoshare --setbrowse sharename browse_flag{0|1} 

Rename a shared folder:

synoshare --rename  old_sharename new_sharename

Set users that is allowed to browse shared folder:

synoshare --setuser sharename user_auth{NA|RO|RW} operator{+|-|=} user_name_list_with_comma

User

Print main data about a user

sh-4.3# synouser --get wuseman
User Name   : [wuseman]
User Type   : [AUTH_LOCAL]
User uid    : [1026]
Primary gid : [100]
Fullname    : []
User Dir    : [/var/services/homes/wuseman]
User Shell  : [/bin/sh]
Expired     : [false]
User Mail   : []
Alloc Size  : [82]
Member Of   : [2]
(100) users
(101) administrators

Set a new password/Change password:

synouser --setpw oldpassword newpassword

Rename a user:

synouser --rename old_username new_username

Add a username with full info:

synouser --add [username pwd "full name" expired{0|1} mail privilege]

Notifications:

Send an email about storage:

synostorage --mail

Lock managment

synostorage --lock

Tuning functionality:

Get current tuning profile:

synotune --get   
Outut: Current Profile: performance_throughput

Set a new functionality, options:

synotune --set    performance_throughput OR performance_latency

Dump info about your synology nas:

syno_system_dump

Upgrade

Set your nas to handle upgrades auto:

synoupgrade --auto

Check your current upgrade settings:

synoupgrade --check

Download latest upgrade if there is a new one:

synoupgrade --download 

Start upgrade:

synoupgrade --start

Check the partition layout table:

synopartition --check /dev/sd<X>

View synology NFS Monitor:

synonfstop

3035568392.png
Reset your Synology NAS (Settings Only)

/usr/syno/sbin/./synodsdefault --reset

Reset your Synology Nas to Factory Default (OBS OBS OBS ALL DATA WILL BE WIPED)

/usr/syno/sbin/./synodsdefault --factory-default

Reinstall your Synology Nas Station, all data will be kept:

/usr/syno/sbin/./synodsdefault --reinstall; reboot

The proper way to restart SSHD of your NAS via cli:

synoservicectl --restart sshd

List, uninstall or install a .spk package file (available locally)

synopkg

Install a set a networking and ELF binary debugging tools (and drop into a root session)

synogear

Write and read an .ini style file with lines of key=value pairs

synosetkeyvalue
synogetkeyvalue

Shut down and power off the NAS (much like shutdown -h now)

synopoweroff

Show installed packages

synopkg list | sed 's/: .*$//' 

Uninstall a package

sudo synopkg uninstall 

Synology Shutdown and Poweroff Too

syno_poweroff_task

Set/establish password to local user

synoauth local_username password

Manage IP autoblock feature

synoautoblock OPTIONS 

Manage blog feature

synoblog_backup [-r|-b] p [-u username] [-o]

Synology disk control device: something like /dev/hda or /dev/sda

syno_disk_ctl OPTIONS DEVICE  

Synology clear .tbd-File Tool

SYNOClearTdb FILE 

Different ways to print various info about your NAS

more /etc.defaults/VERSION 
cat /etc/synoinfo.conf
cat /proc/cmdline
synoshare --enum ALL 
synonet --show 
synodisk --enum 
synospace --enum -a 

Restart index

synoservicectl --restart synoindexd

Check for upgrades

sudo synoupgrade --check

Restart webserver

/usr/syno/sbin/synoservicecfg --restart httpd-user 
/usr/syno/sbin/synoservicectl --restart pkgctl-WebStation

Generate a list for what you can control

/usr/syno/sbin/synoservice --list

DSM API - Provide DSM information

syno dsm getInfo --pretty 

File Station API - Provide File Station information

syno fs getInfo --pretty 

File Station API - Enumerate files in a given folder

syno fs listFiles --payload '{"folder_path":"/path/to/folder"}' --pretty 

Download Station API - List download tasks

syno dl listFiles --payload '{"limit":5, "offset":10}' --pretty 

Download Station API - Create a download task

syno dl createTask --payload '{"uri":"https://link"}'

Audio Station API - Search a song

syno as searchSong --payload '{"title":"my_title_song"}' --pretty

Video Station API - List movies

syno vs listMovies --payload '{"limit":5}' --pretty

Video Station DTV API - List channels

syno dtv listChannels --payload '{"limit":1}' --pretty 

Surveillance Station API - Get camera information

syno ss getInfoCamera --payload '{"cameraIds":8}' --pretty 

Restart, enable, stop samba

/usr/syno/etc/rc.sysv/S80samba.sh --help

Get synology date

synodate --getSysDate

Printer stuff

synoprint

Update index older

indexfolder --type={SHARE_CREATE|SHARE_REMOVE} --share=<SHARED_FOLDER> --share_path=<SHARED_FOLDER>

Start mediaserver

/usr/syno/bin/mediaserver.sh start

CAREFUL, KILLING NAS

servicetool --get-service-volume download 

Get 2FA key if lost

ssh root@nas cat /usr/syno/etc/preference/wuseman/google_authenticator

List disk info on a very fancy way

dhm_tool -s 

Synology Autoblock

Add a IP to autoblock db:

synoautoblock --deny <ip-address>

Reset a IP that has been added by mistake:

synoautoblock --reset <ip-address>

Add any IP to whitelist:

synoautoblock --in-white-list <ip-address>

Debugging & System Health:

Debug fans and email the result (if email has been set)

syno_fan_debug

Run a health check of your system and email the the result once done:

syno_disk_health_record

Check ~remain lifetime:

syno_disk_remain_life_check

Run smartmontools and send email once done:

syno_disk_smart_mail_send

Debug hibernation:

syno_hibernation_debug

LED (Get min and max value in: /usr/syno/etc.defaults/led_brightness.xml)

Get current setup:

syno_led_brightness --get (Default on DS416: 1985157252)

Set a new setting:

syno_led_brightness --set <brightness> 

Bandwidth

Print a user bandwidth usage:

synobandwidth --status [<list=user|group|all(default)> <transfer=upload|download|all(default)>] <merge=0|1(default)>]

Set a new bandwidth limit for a user:

synobandwidth --set-global-conf <state=enabled|disabled> [<protocol=filestation|webdav|ftp|rsync|all(default)>

Print status user by user for all services:

sh-4.3# synobandwidth --preview wuseman
Protocol     Upload   Download
filestation  0.00       0.00
webdav       0.00       0.00
ftp          0.00       0.00
rsync        0.00       0.00

ISCI

Synology iSCSI Perfomance Analyzer

synoiscsitop40

4202977879.png

Fan

Set fan config (loudest will sound like an airplane)

synofanconfig -parseXML 1000000

More synology commands listed:

sync
synologconvert
syno-dbus-check.sh
synologrotated
syno-letsencrypt
synologset
syno-move-coredump
synologset1
syno8021Xtool
synolunbackup
synoRTCTime
synolunbkp
syno_adv_test
synoluntransform
syno_dc_ctrl_adapter.sh
synomediaparserd
syno_disk_config_check
synomkflv
syno_disk_ctl
synomkflvd
syno_disk_data_collector
synomkthumb
syno_disk_db_update
synomkthumbd
syno_disk_dsl
synomoduletool
syno_disk_health_record
synomount
syno_disk_information_daily_record
synomustache
syno_disk_log_convert
synomyds
syno_disk_log_import_from_xml
synonclient_send
syno_disk_remain_life_check
synonet
syno_disk_smart_mail_send
synonetd
syno_disk_test_log_import_from_xml
synonetdtool
syno_disk_test_scheduler_set
synonetseqadj
syno_disk_testlog_convert
synonfstop
syno_disk_wcache_config_init
synonotify
syno_dvb_admin.sh
synootp
syno_fan_debug
synoovstool
syno_hdd_util
synopartition
syno_hibernation_debug
synopasswordmail
syno_hw_video_transcoding.sh
synopayment
syno_iptables_common
synoperfeventd
syno_led_brightness
synoperformancediagnose
syno_mem_check
synopftest
syno_pkgicon_sprite.py
synophoto_acl
syno_poweroff_task
synophoto_acl_pgsql
syno_scemd_connector
synophoto_autoblock
syno_smart_result_collect
synophoto_backup
syno_smart_test
synophoto_config
syno_ssd_trim
synophoto_config_root
syno_system_dump
synophoto_dsm_user
synoabnormalloginmail
synophoto_external_access
synoacltool
synophoto_extract_preview
synoagentregisterd
synophoto_music
synoappbkp
synophoto_sdk_share_set
synoappnotify
synophoto_sns_utils
synoapppriv_updater
synophoto_update_db
synoarchivetool
synophoto_watermark_util
synoauth
synophotoio
synoautoblock
synopingpong
synobackup
synopkg
synobackupd
synopkgctl
synobandwidth
synopkghelper
synoblog_backup
synoplatform
synobootseq
synoportforward
synobootupcheck
synopoweroff
synobtrfssnap
synopreferencedir
synocacheclient
synoprint
synocachepinfiletool
synopsql
synocachepinfiletool-status
synoquota
synocachepinfiletoolha
synoraidtool
synocerttool
synorecycle
synocfgen
synorelayd
synocgid
synoretainer
synocgitool
synoretention-lun
synocheckhotspare
synoretentionconf
synocheckiscsitrg
synoretentiontest
synochecknetworkcfg
synoretentiontestutil.sh
synocheckshare
synorouterportfwd
synocheckswapconfig
synoroutertool
synocloudserviceauth
synorsyncdtool
synocmsclient
synosavetime
synocodectool
synoscgi
synoconfbkp
synoscgi
synoconfd
synoschedtask
synocontentextract
synoschedtool
synocontentextractd
synoscimprofile
synocopy
synosdutils
synocredential
synosearch
synocrond
synosearchagent
synocrtregister
synoselfcheck
synocrtunregister
synoservice
synodatacollect
synoservicecfg
synodataverifier
synoservicectl
synodate
synoservicemigrate
synodctest
synosetkeyvalue
synodd
synoshare
synoddnsinfo
synosharequota
synoddsmtool
synosharesnapshot
synodisk
synosharesnaptool
synodiskdatacollect
synosharesnaptree
synodiskfind
synosharingbackup
synodiskpathparse
synosharingchecker
synodiskport
synosharingcron
synodriveencode
synosharingurl
synodrivehook
synosmartblock
synodriveindex
synosnapschedtask.sh
synodriveobject
synosnmpcd
synodrivesettings
synospace
synodriveversion
synospace.sh
synodrivevolume
synosshdutils
synodsdefault
synostgpool
synodsinfo
synostgsysraid
synodsmnotify
synostgvolume
synoeaupgrade
synostorage
synoethinfo
synostoragecore
synoexternal
synostoraged
synofanconfig
synosupportchannelchecker
synofileutil
synosyncdctime
synofirewall
synosyslogmail
synofirewallUpdater
synotc
synoflashcache
synotc_common
synoflvconv
synothumb
synofstool
synotifyd
synogear
synotifydutil
synogetkeyvalue
synotimecontrol
synogpoclientd
synotlstool
synogrinst
synotune
synogroup
synotunnelexec
synoguest
synoupgrade
synohacore
synoupnp
synoindex
synoups
synoindex_mgr
synoupscommon
synoindex_package.sh
synousbcam
synoindexd
synousbcopy
synoindexplugind
synousbdisk
synoindexscand
synousbmodemd
synoindexworkerd
synouser
synoiscsiep
synouserdir
synoiscsihook
synouserhome
synoiscsitool
synovolumesnapshot
synoiscsitop
synovpnc
synoiscsitop40
synovspace
synoiscsiunmap
synovspace_wrapper
synoiscsiwebapi
synow3
synoisns
synow3tool
synokerneltz
synowebapi
synolanstatus
synowifid
synoldapclient
synowin
synoldapclientd
synowireless
synologaccd
synowsdiscoveryd
synologand
synowstransferd
synologanutil
synozram
synologconfgen
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本文经授权后发布,本文观点不代表立场,文章出自:https://github.com/wuseman/SYNOLOGY
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